On November 22, 1963 President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas TX by what many feel was a joint CIA-Mafia operation to retaliate for the 'Bay of Pigs' fiasco in Cuba and to increase the Military operations in Vietnam.
Diệm's brother Ngô Đình Nhu (right), shaking hands with then U.S. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson two years before JFK assassination, later in 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson escalated the Vietnam war. On November 2nd 1963, President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam was deposed and murdered by a group of Army of the Republic of Vietnam officers (AVRN-CIA) who disagreed with his handling of both the Buddhist crisis and the Vietcong threat. Numerous coup plans of South Vietnamese president of Ngô Đình Diệm had been explored by the AVRN army but the plotters intensified their activities with increased confidence after the administration (CIA) of U.S. President John F. Kennedy authorized the U.S. embassy to explore the possibility of a leadership change (assassination) in South Vietnam.
South Vietnamese president of Ngô Đình Diệm, in photo with US Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, was a trouble maker and had murdered numerous Buddhist Monks during 1963 as he opposed their control over the South Vietnam people. South Vietnam's Buddhist majority had long been discontented with Diệm's strong favoritism towards Roman Catholics. Public servants and army officers had long been promoted on the basis of religious preference, and government contracts, US aid, business favours and tax concessions were preferentially given to Catholics. The Roman Catholic Church was the largest landowner in the country (South Vietnam), and its holdings were exempt from land reform (i.e., appropriation).
In the countryside, Catholics were de facto exempt from performing labour and in some rural areas, it was claimed that Catholic priests led private armies against Buddhist villages. It was a militantly Catholic family in a predominantly Buddhist country. Diem's oldest brother, Ngo Dinh Thuc, Roman Catholic archbishop of Hueo, his photo, controlled large amounts of church property and placed favorites in Diem's cabinet.
President John F. Kennedy, a Roman Catholic, was assassinated just 20 days after President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam on November 22nd 1963 which now appears to be a joint CIA and Mafia operation to insure continued military operations in Vietnam and Cuba which newly installed President, Lyndon B. Johnson, followed through on.
- At a critical moment in August 1963, President John F. Kennedy saw only negative choices on Vietnam, according to new audio recordings and documentation posted by the National Security Archive. Recently declassified tapes of secret White House meetings on the possibility of U.S. support for a military coup against President Ngo Dinh Diem show that Kennedy believed that if Diem's brother Ngo Dinh Nhu remained a major influence, the war might not succeed. Recognizing that Congress might get "mad" at him for supporting coup-minded Vietnamese generals, Kennedy said that it will "be madder if Vietnam goes down the drain." Thus, Kennedy did not disagree when Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara said that the U.S. needed to "plan how we make this thing work."
The Kennedy tapes further illuminate the debate as to whether John F. Kennedy intended to withdraw the United States from the Vietnam war. The record of the August meetings shows President Kennedy's acute awareness of the political capital he would lose in Congress if the Vietnam war were lost. In the meetings Kennedy and his advisers use the term "withdrawal" mostly to signify termination or suspension of aid to the Diem government. They explicitly use "evacuation" in conversations about getting Americans out of South Vietnam in the context of a coup situation, and a plan for such an evacuation was discussed and refined during this period. Kennedy and his advisers were reaching for mechanisms to influence the Diem government, and they would, as noted, terminate aid to some of Diem's troops.
President John F. Kennedy, who had given tacit approval for the South Vietnam coup, was reportedly shocked at the murder of Diem and Nhu. Nevertheless, U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge (CIA) called the insurgent generals to his office to congratulate them and cabled President John F. Kennedy that the prospects for a shorter war in Vietnam had greatly improved with the demise of Diem and his brother Nhu. During the presidency of Richard M. Nixon a U.S. government investigation was initiated into American involvement convinced that John F. Kennedy secretly ordered the killings.
NEWSFLASH for those who unaware that any and all US Embassies worldwide are an outpost for CIA operatives, it is just the way it is and has been for decades, the US Ambassador to any foreign US Embassy is in charge of CIA operations, there is always a Warrant officer at the US Embassy to carry out the details.
The brutal murder of the president of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem seen in photo with US Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge (CIA), and his powerful brother and adviser, Ngo Dinh Nhu, on November 2, 1963, was a major turning point in the war in Vietnam. Up until the deaths of the Ngo brothers, the United States had been 'advising the government of South Vietnam in its war against the Viet Cong and their benefactors, the government of North Vietnam. At the time, the United States had 16,000 troops in South Vietnam training the ARVN forces and even going so far as to accompany them on helicopter-borne raids deep into enemy territory.
American casualties were beginning to mount, and images of the Vietnam dead were being broadcast on stateside network television. In the wake of the assassinations, American policy toward the war in Vietnam changed dramatically. The murder of President John F. Kennedy almost three weeks later placed a new head of state in the White House. Lyndon B. Johnson carried on his predecessor's Vietnam policies until 1964, when American participation in the war dramatically increased. A series of corrupt generals ruled Saigon while American forces would eventually reach the 500,000 mark.
A National Intelligence Estimate report on South Vietnam's President Ngo Dinh Diem concluded that Diem's internal policies were autocratic and that his domestic programs were hindering the war effort. As early as 1961, according to a report in the later-released U.S. Department of Defense study titled United States– Vietnam Relations, 1945-1967 (a k a the Pentagon Papers), the United States was questioning Diem's long-term ability to remain in power unless he made certain far-reaching changes to improve the lives of his people. The American president hoped that Diem, who was a Catholic like himself, would make the necessary shifts in policies before events began spiraling out of control.
By October 1963, more than 16,000 American troops were in Vietnam, and the casualties had mounted into the hundreds. That summer the Diem regime was waging an open, hard-hitting war against the Buddhist majority in the country. A campaign to that effect was personally directed by President Diem, his brother Nhu and Diem's sister-in-law, Ngu Le Xuan — the flamboyant Madame Nhu. They closed Buddhist schools and made random arrests of dissident Buddhist leaders. ARVN elite troops attacked a Buddhist demonstration, arresting hundreds. Then a Buddhist monk named Thich Quang Duc set fire to himself in protest on a crowded Saigon street. The Ngo brothers believed that the Buddhist uprising was Communist inspired, and Madame Nhu, often known as the Dragon Lady, notoriously said that she would enjoy seeing more barbecues of Buddhists.
The first coup effort against Diem originated in August 1963, when CIA officer Colonel Lucien Conein, his photo, met secretly with a number of high-ranking South Vietnamese military officers, including Generals Duong Van Big Minh, Tran Van Don, Le Van Kim and Tran Thien Khiem. Conein was a veteran of the World War II Office of Strategic Services and was on good terms with Diem. It was his job to act as an intermediary between the plotters and the U.S. embassy. During the initial meeting, Minh spoke about assassinating both Diem and Nhu. When Ambassador Lodge learned of this he cabled Washington. Upon receiving the report of the clandestine meeting, Kennedy responded by declaring that there was no turning back.
In the pre-dawn darkness of November 1, 1963, ARVN soldiers loyal to the generals took up positions around Saigon. They took over police headquarters and radio stations and began to move on the presidential palace. The coup leaders gave only a four-minute warning to the U.S. embassy, allowing Ambassador Lodge no time to react. When they confronted Diem, the plotters demanded that he resign and guaranteed him and the Nhus safe exit from the country. Diem called Lodge, who said that the United States could take no action (dead man walking).
According to David Kaiser, it was not only the CIA and the Pentagon who wanted President John F. Kennedy to send troops to Laos and Vietnam. Members of his own administration, including Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, Dean Rusk (photo above), Alexis Johnson, McGeorge Bundy, Walt Rostow and Roswell Gilpatric, were also strongly in favour of Eisenhower’s policy of “intervention in remote areas backed by nuclear weapons. It has to be remembered that Johnson, McNamara and Gilpatric had all played an important role in the ensuring that General Dynamics got the TFX Air-Force Military contract. Is it possible that they had other motives for involving the United States in a long-drawn out war?
General Dynamics had several factors in its favour. The president of the company was Frank Pace, the Secretary of the Army (April, 1950-January, 1953). The Deputy Secretary of Defense in 1962 was Roswell Gilpatric, who before he took up the post, was chief counsel for General Dynamics. The Secretary of the Navy was John Connally, a politician from Texas, the state where General Dynamics had its main plant. When he left the job in 1962 he was replaced by another Texan, Fred Korth. He had been appointed by Kennedy after strong lobbying by Lyndon Johnson. Korth from Fort Worth, Texas, was the former president of the Continental Bank, which had loaned General Dynamics considerable sums of money during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Kennedy continued to resist all attempts to persuade him to send troops to Vietnam. His policy was reinforced by the Bay of Pigs operation. Kennedy told his assistant secretary of state, Roger Hilsman: “The Bay of Pigs has taught me a number of things. One is not to trust generals or the CIA, and the second is that if the American people do not want to use American troops to remove a Communist regime 90 miles away from our coast, how can I ask them to use troops to remove a Communist regime 9,000 miles away?
In April, 1962, Kennedy told McGeorge Bundy to “seize upon any favourable moment to reduce our involvement” in Vietnam. In September, 1963, Robert Kennedy expressed similar views at a meeting of the National Security Council: “The first question was whether a Communist takeover could be successfully resisted with any government. If it could not, now was the time to get out of Vietnam entirely, rather than waiting.” The decision by Kennedy to withdraw from Vietnam was confirmed by John McCone, the director of the CIA.
Coup d'état in Vietnam and the USA : Two months later in November 1963 South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother were assassianted and President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas TX and the War in Vietnam was on.
Bill Warner Private Investigator Sarasota Fl at www.wbipi.com